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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549 

 

FORM 10-Q 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2016

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from ___ to ___

Commission file number 001-37936

SMART SAND, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

45-2809926

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

24 Waterway Avenue, Suite 350

The Woodlands, Texas 77380

(Address of principal executive offices)  (Zip Code)

 

(281) 231-2660

(Registrant’s telephone number)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).   Yes  No 

Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding, par value $0.001 per share, as of December 8, 2016: 39,116,210

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

PAGE

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

Financial Statements

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets September 30, 2016 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2015

 

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (Unaudited)

 

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 (Unaudited)

 

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (Unaudited)

 

4

 

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

5

ITEM 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

20

ITEM 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

31

ITEM 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

32

 

 

 

 

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

33

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors

 

33

ITEM 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

33

ITEM 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

33

ITEM 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

33

ITEM 5.

Other Information

 

34

ITEM 6.

Exhibits

 

34

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

35

 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

36

 

 

 


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SMART SAND, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

September 30,

2016

(unaudited)

 

 

December 31,

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

713

 

 

$

3,896

 

Accounts receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $189 and

   $0, respectively

 

 

2,733

 

 

 

2,020

 

Unbilled receivables

 

 

112

 

 

 

4,021

 

Inventories

 

 

6,168

 

 

 

4,181

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,283

 

 

 

1,524

 

Total current assets

 

 

11,009

 

 

 

15,642

 

Inventories, long-term

 

 

6,936

 

 

 

7,961

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

105,295

 

 

 

108,928

 

Deferred financing costs, net

 

 

367

 

 

 

486

 

Other assets

 

 

33

 

 

 

33

 

Total assets

 

$

123,640

 

 

$

133,050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

532

 

 

$

1,170

 

Accrued and other expenses

 

 

3,468

 

 

 

3,778

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

5,204

 

 

 

7,133

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

3,568

 

 

 

-

 

Current portion of equipment financing obligations

 

 

707

 

 

 

409

 

Current portion of notes payable

 

 

392

 

 

 

1,369

 

Redeemable Series A preferred stock

 

 

39,700

 

 

 

34,708

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

53,571

 

 

 

48,567

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving credit facility, net

 

 

55,770

 

 

 

63,254

 

Equipment financing obligations, net of current portion

 

 

649

 

 

 

1,246

 

Notes payable, net of current portion

 

 

288

 

 

 

569

 

Deferred tax liabilities, long-term, net

 

 

9,822

 

 

 

14,505

 

Asset retirement obligation

 

 

1,234

 

 

 

1,180

 

Total liabilities

 

 

121,334

 

 

 

129,321

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 19)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 33,000,000, shares authorized; 22,229,570

   issued and 22,188,543 outstanding at September 30, 2016; 22,139,480 issued

   and 22,114,620 outstanding at December 31, 2015

 

 

22

 

 

 

22

 

Treasury stock, at cost, 41,027 shares and 24,860 shares at September 30, 2016

   and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

(180

)

 

 

(123

)

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

4,842

 

 

 

4,146

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(2,378

)

 

 

(316

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

2,306

 

 

 

3,729

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

123,640

 

 

$

133,050

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

1


 

SMART SAND, INC. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Revenues

 

$

10,927

 

 

$

9,025

 

 

$

29,781

 

 

$

32,533

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

5,931

 

 

 

4,865

 

 

 

17,799

 

 

 

17,136

 

Gross profit

 

 

4,996

 

 

 

4,160

 

 

 

11,982

 

 

 

15,397

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries, benefits and payroll taxes

 

 

1,316

 

 

 

1,164

 

 

 

3,611

 

 

 

3,991

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

102

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

283

 

 

 

276

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

1,044

 

 

 

1,044

 

 

 

2,970

 

 

 

3,591

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

2,462

 

 

 

2,315

 

 

 

6,864

 

 

 

7,858

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

2,534

 

 

 

1,845

 

 

 

5,118

 

 

 

7,539

 

Other (expenses) income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock interest expense

 

 

(1,813

)

 

 

(1,256

)

 

 

(4,936

)

 

 

(3,690

)

Other interest expense

 

 

(845

)

 

 

(575

)

 

 

(2,517

)

 

 

(1,624

)

Other income

 

 

33

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

222

 

 

 

369

 

Total other expenses, net

 

 

(2,625

)

 

 

(1,813

)

 

 

(7,231

)

 

 

(4,945

)

(Loss) income before income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

(91

)

 

 

32

 

 

 

(2,113

)

 

 

2,594

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

5

 

 

 

(1,764

)

 

 

(51

)

 

 

(131

)

Net (loss) income

 

$

(96

)

 

$

1,796

 

 

$

(2,062

)

 

$

2,725

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.00

)

 

$

0.08

 

 

$

(0.09

)

 

$

0.12

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.00

)

 

$

0.07

 

 

$

(0.09

)

 

$

0.10

 

Weighted-average number of common shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

22,189

 

 

 

22,112

 

 

 

22,189

 

 

 

22,112

 

Diluted

 

 

22,189

 

 

 

26,388

 

 

 

22,189

 

 

 

26,388

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2


 

SMART SAND, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding

Shares

 

 

Par

Value

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

 

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

 

 

22,114,620

 

 

$

22

 

 

 

24,860

 

 

$

(123

)

 

$

4,146

 

 

$

(316

)

 

$

3,729

 

Vesting of restricted stock

 

 

90,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation, inclusive of $24 tax

   benefit

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

696

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

696

 

Restricted stock buy back

 

 

(16,167

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,167

 

 

 

(57

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(57

)

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,062

)

 

 

(2,062

)

Balance at September 30, 2016

 

 

22,188,543

 

 

$

22

 

 

 

41,027

 

 

$

(180

)

 

$

4,842

 

 

$

(2,378

)

 

$

2,306

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


 

SMART SAND, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

(2,062

)

 

$

2,725

 

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization of asset retirement obligation

 

 

4,893

 

 

 

3,760

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

 

 

(59

)

 

 

45

 

Loss on derivatives

 

 

5

 

 

 

394

 

Revenue reserve

 

 

-

 

 

 

(92

)

Bad debt expense

 

 

189

 

 

 

-

 

Amortization of deferred financing cost

 

 

117

 

 

 

107

 

Accretion of debt discount

 

 

232

 

 

 

217

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(4,708

)

 

 

(757

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

720

 

 

 

611

 

Non-cash interest expense on revolving credit facility

 

 

-

 

 

 

706

 

Non-cash interest expense on Redeemable Series A preferred stock

 

 

4,936

 

 

 

3,690

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivables

 

 

(903

)

 

 

5,667

 

Unbilled receivables

 

 

3,909

 

 

 

120

 

Inventories

 

 

(963

)

 

 

(1,549

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

242

 

 

 

2,242

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

(1,929

)

 

 

-

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(368

)

 

 

(343

)

Accrued and other expenses

 

 

280

 

 

 

(82

)

Income taxes payable

 

 

3,568

 

 

 

189

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

8,099

 

 

 

17,650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

 

(2,058

)

 

 

(26,899

)

Proceeds from disposal of assets

 

 

108

 

 

 

-

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(1,950

)

 

 

(26,899

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments of notes payable

 

 

(1,259

)

 

 

(326

)

Payments under equipment financing obligations

 

 

(299

)

 

 

(285

)

Payment of deferred financing and amendment costs

 

 

2

 

 

 

(78

)

Proceeds from revolving credit facility

 

 

-

 

 

 

12,000

 

Repayment of revolving credit facility

 

 

(7,716

)

 

 

(2,647

)

Cash dividend on Redeemable Series A preferred stock

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(2

)

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(57

)

 

 

(121

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(9,332

)

 

 

8,541

 

Net decrease in cash

 

 

(3,183

)

 

 

(708

)

Cash at beginning of period

 

 

3,896

 

 

 

802

 

Cash at end of period

 

$

713

 

 

$

94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

2,344

 

 

$

1,140

 

Cash paid for taxes

 

$

218

 

 

$

369

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment purchased with debt

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,080

 

Capitalized expenditures in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

254

 

 

$

5,204

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

4


SMART SAND, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 1 – Organization and Nature of Business

Smart Sand, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) are headquartered in The Woodlands, Texas, and was incorporated in July 2011. The Company is engaged in the excavation, processing and sale of industrial sand, or proppant, for use in hydraulic fracturing operations for the oil and gas industry. The Company completed construction of the first phase of its primary facility in Oakdale, Wisconsin and commenced operations in July 2012.

Immaterial Correction

The Company discovered that an immaterial correction should be made relating to the amortization of deferred transaction costs associated with the issuance of shares of the Company’s outstanding Redeemable Series A preferred stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The Company has been amortizing the deferred costs into interest expense from the date of issuance to the mandatory redemption date of the Series A Preferred Stock, which was September 13, 2016. In March 2014, the Company redeemed certain Series A Preferred Stock prior to the mandatory redemption date and wrote off a portion of the transaction costs as part of the early redemption. The Company never adjusted the quarterly amortization amount for the portion previously written off. The Company concluded the amounts were immaterial to its 2016 and 2015 interim financial statements in accordance with the guidance in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) No. 99 “Materiality” and SAB No. 108 “Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in the Current Year Financial Statements.” The correction resulted in a decrease to current liabilities by $861 as of December 31, 2015.

 

 

Note 2 – Basis of Presentation

General

The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements (“interim statements”) of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), issued by the SEC. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments and disclosures necessary for a fair presentation of these interim statements have been included. The results reported in these interim statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be reported for the entire year. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2015 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015. These interim statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015 contained in the prospectus, dated November 3, 2016 (the “IPO Prospectus”), filed by the Company with the SEC on November 7, 2016 pursuant to Rule 424(b)(4) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

On November 9, 2016, in connection with its IPO (Note 20), the Company’s Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation became effective to provide for a stock split of all issued and outstanding shares of common stock at a ratio of 2,200 for 1 (the “Stock Split”) and increased the authorized number of shares of common stock to 350,000,000 shares. Owners of fractional shares outstanding after the Stock Split will be paid cash for such fractional interests. The effective date of the Stock Split is November 9, 2016. All common stock share amounts disclosed in this Form 10-Q have been adjusted to reflect the Stock Split.

 

 

Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates used in the preparation of these financial statements include, but are not limited to, the sand reserves and its impact on calculating the depletion expense under the units-of-production method; the depreciation associated with property and equipment, impairment considerations of those assets; estimated cost of future asset retirement obligations; stock-based compensation; recoverability of deferred tax assets; inventory reserve; collectability of receivables and certain liabilities. Actual results could differ from management’s best estimates as additional information or actual results become available in the future, and those differences could be material.

5


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

The Company utilized significant estimates and assumptions in determining the fair value of its common stock. The Company determined the estimated fair value of the Series A Preferred Stock and common stock based on a number of objective and subjective factors, including external market conditions affecting its industry, market comparable and future discounted cash flows. Going forward, the Company will use the publicly-traded per share value to determine the fair value of its common stock.

 

 

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery of products has occurred, the sales price charged is fixed or determinable, collectability is reasonably assured, and the risk of loss is transferred to the customer. The Company’s sales are generally free carrier (“FCA”), payment made at the origination point at the Company’s facility, and title passes as the product is loaded into rail cars hired by the customer. Certain spot-rate customers have shipping terms of FCA, payment made at the destination; the Company recognizes this revenue when the sand is received at the destination.

The Company derives its revenue by mining and processing sand that its customers purchase. Its revenues are primarily a function of the price per ton realized and the volumes sold. In some instances, its revenues may also include a monthly reservation charge, at agreed-upon terms with its customers, or a charge for transportation services it provides to its customers. The Company’s transportation revenue fluctuates based on a number of factors, including the volume of product it transports and the distance between its plant and customers. The Company’s reservation revenue is based on negotiated contract terms and is recognized when rights of use are expired.

The Company sells a limited amount of its products under short-term price agreements or at prevailing market rates. The majority of the Company’s revenues are realized through take-or-pay supply agreements with four customers. The expiration dates of these contracts range from 2016 through 2020; however, certain contracts include extension periods, as defined in the respective contracts. These agreements define, among other commitments, the volume of product that its customers must purchase, the volume of product that the Company must provide, and the price that the Company will charge and that its customers will pay for each ton of contracted product. Prices under these agreements are generally either fixed or indexed to the Average Cushing Oklahoma WTI Spot Prices and subject to adjustment, upward or downward, only for certain changes in published producer cost indices or market factors. As a result, the Company’s realized prices may not grow at rates consistent with broader industry pricing. For example, during periods of rapid price growth, its realized prices may grow more slowly than those of competitors, and during periods of price decline, its realized prices may outperform industry averages. With respect to the take-or-pay arrangements, if the customer is not allowed to make up deficiencies, the Company recognizes revenues of the minimum contracted quantity and minimum contract price, assuming payment has been received or is reasonably assured. If deficiencies can be made up, amounts billed and collected in excess of actual sales are recognized as deferred revenues until production is actually taken by the customer or the right to make up deficiencies expires. These agreements generally provide that, if the Company is unable to deliver the contracted minimum volumes, the customer has the right to purchase replacement product from alternative sources, provided that the inability to supply is not the result of an excusable delay, as defined in these agreements. In the event that the price of the replacement product exceeds the contract price and the inability to supply the contracted minimum volume is not the result of an excusable delay, the Company is responsible for the difference.

The Company also recognizes revenue on the rental of its leased rail car fleet (Note 19) to customers either under long-term contracts or on an as-used basis. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $1,395 and $865 of rail car revenue, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $4,337 and $2,521 of rail car revenue, respectively.

For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company did not recognize any  revenue relating to minimum required payments under take-or-pay contracts. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $5,000 and $0 of monthly reservation charges required under certain customer contracts, respectively.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $2,997 and $0 of revenue relating to minimum required payments under take-or-pay contracts, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $10,541 and $0 of monthly reservation charges required under certain customer contracts, respectively.

At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company determined that no amounts related to minimum commitments under customer contracts were due or payable to the Company.

6


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Accounts and Unbilled Receivables

Accounts receivable represents customer transactions that have been invoiced as of the balance sheet date; unbilled receivables represent customer transactions that have not yet been invoiced as of the balance sheet date. Accounts receivable are due within 30 days, or in accordance with terms agreed upon with customers, and are stated at amounts due from customers net of any allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company considers accounts outstanding longer than the payment terms past due. The Company determines the allowance by considering a number of factors, including the length of time trade accounts receivable are past due, previous loss history, the customer’s current ability to pay its obligation, and the condition of the general economy and the industry as a whole. Accounts receivables are written off when they are deemed uncollectible, and payments subsequently received on such receivables are credited to bad debt expense. As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company maintained an allowance for doubtful accounts of $189 and $0, respectively.

Deferred Revenue

The Company receives advance payments from certain customers in order to secure and procure a reliable provision and delivery of product. The Company classifies such advances as current or noncurrent liabilities depending upon the anticipated timing of delivery of the supplied product. Revenue is recognized upon the delivery of the product.

The Company may receive an advance payment from a customer, based on the terms of the customer’s long-term contract, for a certain volume of product to be delivered. Revenue is recognized as product is delivered and the deferred revenue is reduced. The deferred revenue balance at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was $5,204 and $7,133, respectively and classified as a current liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. As disclosed in Note 19, substantially all deferred revenue was recognized in November 2016.

Shipping

Shipping costs are classified as cost of goods sold. Shipping costs consist of railway transportation costs to deliver products to customers. Shipping revenue is classified as revenue.

There was no revenue or cost of goods sold generated from shipping for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Revenue generated from shipping was $121 and $2,294, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Cost of goods sold generated from shipping was $157 and $2,257 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Inventories

The Company’s sand inventory consists of raw material (sand that has been excavated but not processed), work-in-progress (sand that has undergone some but not all processing) and finished goods (sand that has been completely processed and is ready for sale). The spare parts inventory consists of critical spare parts.

Sand inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market using the average cost method. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, the Company had no write-down of inventory as a result of any lower of cost or market assessment. Costs applied to the inventory include direct excavation costs, processing costs, overhead allocation, depreciation and depletion. Stockpile tonnages are calculated by measuring the number of tons added and removed from the stockpile. Costs are calculated on a per ton basis and are applied to the stockpiles based on the number of tons in the stockpile. The Company performs quarterly physical inventory measurements to verify the quantity of inventory on hand. Due to variation in sand density and moisture content and production processes utilized to manufacture the Company’s products, physical inventories will not necessarily detect all variances. To mitigate this risk, the Company recognizes a yield adjustment on its inventories.

Spare parts inventory is accounted for on a first-in, first-out basis at the lower of cost or market.

7


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Deferred Financing Charges

Direct costs incurred in connection with the revolving credit facility have been capitalized and are being amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the life of the debt. Fees attributable to the lender of $1,664 are presented as a discount to the carrying value of debt.

Amortization expense of the deferred financing charges of $37, and accretion expense of debt discount of $73 are included in interest expense for each of the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Amortization expense of the deferred financing charges of $117 and $107, and accretion expense of debt discount of $232 and $217 are included in interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

As part of the December 2015 amendment to the revolving credit facility, the Company was required to calculate quarterly permanent reductions to the maximum commitment available under the revolving credit facility. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company accelerated amortization of $18 representing a portion of the remaining unamortized balance of debt issuance costs. Refer to Note 8 – Credit Facilities for additional disclosure on the Company’s revolving credit agreement.

Financial Instruments

The carrying value of the Company’s financial instruments, consisting of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximates their fair value due to the short maturity of such instruments. Financial instruments also consist of debt for which fair value approximates carrying values as the debt bears interest at a variable rate which is reflective of current rates otherwise available to the Company. Unless otherwise noted, it is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest, currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.

Fair Value Measurements

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are to be measured using inputs from the three levels of the fair value hierarchy, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, which are as follows:

 

Level 1—Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date;

 

Level 2—Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or other inputs corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and

 

Level 3—Unobservable inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions that market participants would use in pricing assets or liabilities based on the best information available.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) - 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), which requires the recognition of expense related to the fair value of stock-based compensation awards in the Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).

For restricted stock issued to employees and members of the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”) for their services on the Board, the Company estimates the grant date fair value of each share of restricted stock at issuance. For awards subject to service-based vesting conditions, the Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, equal to the grant date fair value of stock options on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting term. For awards subject to both performance and service-based vesting conditions, the Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense using the straight-line recognition method when it is probable that the performance condition will be achieved. Forfeitures are required to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

8


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Share-based payments issued to non-employees are recorded at their fair values, and are periodically revalued as the equity instruments vest and are recognized as expense over the related service period in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718 and ASC Topic 505, Equity. The grant date fair value was calculated based on a weighted analysis of (i) publicly-traded companies in similar line of business to the Company (market comparable method)—Level 2 inputs, and (ii) discounted cash flows of the Company—Level 3 inputs.

Income Taxes

The Company applies the provisions of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which principally utilizes a balance sheet approach to provide for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of net operating loss carryforwards and temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities.

ASC 740 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements. The impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax returns must be recognized at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be required to be recognized upon audit by the relevant taxing authority. This standard also provides guidance on de-recognition, measurement, classification, interest and penalties, accounting for interim periods, disclosure and transition issues with respect to tax positions. The Company includes interest and penalties as a component of income tax expense in the consolidated statement of operations. For the periods presented, no interest and penalties were recorded.

Environmental Matters

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. Management has established procedures for the ongoing evaluation of the Company’s operations, to identify potential environmental exposures and to comply with regulatory policies and procedures. Environmental expenditures that relate to current operations are expensed or capitalized as appropriate. Expenditures that relate to an existing condition caused by past operations and do not contribute to current or future revenue generation are expensed as incurred. Liabilities are recorded when environmental costs are probable, and the costs can be reasonably estimated. The Company maintains insurance which may cover in whole or in part certain environmental expenditures. As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, there were no probable environmental matters.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. Comprehensive income (loss) was equal to net income (loss) for all periods presented.

Segment Information

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in making decisions on how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker is the chief executive officer. The Company and the chief executive officer view the Company’s operations and manage its business as one operating segment. All long-lived assets of the Company reside in the United States.

9


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share of Common Stock

Basic net income (loss) per share of common stock is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, excluding the dilutive effects of Series A Preferred Stock, warrants to purchase common stock and restricted stock. Diluted net income per share of common stock is computed by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the sum of the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period plus the potential dilutive effects of Series A Preferred Stock and warrants to purchase common stock, and restricted stock outstanding during the period calculated in accordance with the treasury stock method, although these shares, restricted stock and warrants are excluded if their effect is anti-dilutive. Because the impact of these items is anti-dilutive during periods of net loss, there was no difference between basic and diluted net loss per share of common stock for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The following table reconciles the weighted-average common shares outstanding used in the calculation of basic net income per share to the weighted average common shares outstanding used in the calculation of diluted net income per share:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

September 30, 2015

 

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2015

 

Determination of shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

22,112,261

 

 

 

22,112,261

 

Assumed conversion of warrant

 

 

3,999,998

 

 

 

3,999,998

 

Assumed conversion of restricted stock

 

 

275,276

 

 

 

275,276

 

Diluted weighted-average common stock outstanding

 

 

26,387,535

 

 

 

26,387,535

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (ASC 842), which replaces the existing guidance in ASC 840, “Leases.” ASC 842 requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets. The new lease standard does not substantially change lessor accounting. The new standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing (“ASU 2016-10”). The amendments in ASU 2016-10 clarify the following two aspects of Topic 606: (a) identifying performance obligations; and (b) the licensing implementation guidance. The amendments do not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606: The guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018, although early adoption is permitted beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2016-10 on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-11, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Rescission of SEC Guidance Because of Accounting Standards Updates 2014-09 and 2014-16 Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 EITF Meeting. ASU 2016-11 rescinds several SEC Staff Announcements that are codified in Topic 605, including, among other items, guidance relating to accounting for shipping and handling fees and freight services. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606: The guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018, although early adoption is permitted beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2016-11 on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients (“ASU 2016-12”). The amendments in ASU 2016-12 provide clarifying guidance in certain narrow areas and add some practical expedients. Specifically, the amendments in this update (1) clarify the objective of the collectability criterion in step 1, and provides additional clarification for when to recognize revenue for a contract that fails step 1, (2) permit an entity, as an accounting policy election, to exclude amounts collected from customers for all sales (and other similar) taxes from the transaction price (3) specify that the measurement date for noncash consideration is contract inception, and clarifies that the variable consideration guidance applies only to variability resulting from reasons other than the form of the consideration, (4) provide a practical expedient that permits an entity to reflect the aggregate effect of all modifications that occur before the beginning of the earliest period presented when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price, and

10


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

allocating the transaction price to the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, (5) clarifies that a completed contract for purposes of transition is a contract for which all (or substantially all) of the revenue was recognized under legacy GAAP before the date of initial application. Further, accounting for elements of a contract that do not affect revenue under legacy GAAP are irrelevant to the assessment of whether a contract is complete. In addition, the amendments permit an entity to apply the modified retrospective transition method either to all contracts or only to contracts that are not completed contracts, and (6) clarifies that an entity that retrospectively applies the guidance in Topic 606 to each prior reporting period is not required to disclose the effect of the accounting change for the period of adoption. However, an entity is still required to disclose the effect of the changes on any prior periods retrospectively adjusted. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606: The guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018, although early adoption is permitted beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2016-12 on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (“ASU 2016-15”). ASU 2016-15 eliminates the diversity in practice related to the classification of certain cash receipts and payments for debt prepayment or extinguishment costs, the maturing of a zero coupon bond, the settlement of contingent liabilities arising from a business combination, proceeds from insurance settlements, distributions from certain equity method investees and beneficial interests obtained in a financial asset securitization. ASU 2016-15 designates the appropriate cash flow classification, including requirements to allocate certain components of these cash receipts and payments among operating, investing and financing activities. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning after December 15, 2017, although early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2016-15 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Note 4 – Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

 

 

September 30, 2016

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Raw material

 

$

66

 

 

$

3

 

Work-in-progress

 

 

12,352

 

 

 

11,096

 

Finished goods

 

 

646

 

 

 

1,021

 

Spare parts

 

 

40

 

 

 

22

 

Total inventory

 

 

13,104

 

 

 

12,142

 

Less: current portion

 

 

6,168

 

 

 

4,181

 

Total inventory, net of current portion

 

$

6,936

 

 

$

7,961

 

 

 

Note 5 – Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets comprised of the following:

 

 

 

September 30, 2016

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Prepaid insurance

 

$

30

 

 

$

100

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

189

 

 

 

533

 

Prepaid income taxes

 

 

-

 

 

 

888

 

Other receivables

 

 

46

 

 

 

3

 

IPO costs

 

 

1,018

 

 

 

-

 

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

$

1,283

 

 

$

1,524

 

 

 

11


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 6 – Property, Plant and Equipment, net

Net property, plant and equipment consists of:

 

 

 

September 30, 2016

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Machinery, equipment and tooling

 

$

4,809

 

 

$

4,673

 

Vehicles

 

 

953

 

 

 

952

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

303

 

 

 

303

 

Plant and building

 

 

64,387

 

 

 

64,001

 

Real estate properties

 

 

3,504

 

 

 

3,500

 

Railroad and sidings

 

 

7,920

 

 

 

7,868

 

Land and improvements

 

 

13,317

 

 

 

12,977

 

Asset retirement obligation

 

 

1,135

 

 

 

1,135

 

Mineral properties

 

 

9,785

 

 

 

9,785

 

Deferred mining costs

 

 

417

 

 

 

155

 

Construction in progress

 

 

16,517

 

 

 

16,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

123,047

 

 

 

121,986

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and depletion

 

 

17,752

 

 

 

13,058

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

 

$

105,295

 

 

$

108,928

 

 

Depreciation expense was $1,647 and $1,393 for the three months and $4,821 and $3,682 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The Company capitalized $0 and $541 for the three months and $139 and $1,520 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, of interest expense associated with the construction of new plant and equipment.

 

 

Note 7 – Accrued and Other Expenses

Accrued and other expenses were comprised of the following:

 

 

 

September 30, 2016

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Employee related expenses

 

$

228

 

 

$

216

 

Accrued construction

 

 

242

 

 

 

917

 

Accrued real estate taxes

 

 

516

 

 

 

-

 

Accrued legal expenses

 

 

641

 

 

 

99

 

Accrued professional fees

 

 

587

 

 

 

139

 

Accrued freight and delivery charges

 

 

200

 

 

 

162

 

Accrued revolving credit facility interest

 

 

225

 

 

 

701

 

Derivative liability

 

 

-

 

 

 

455

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

829

 

 

 

1,089

 

Total accrued and other expenses

 

$

3,468

 

 

$

3,778

 

 

From time to time, the Company enters into fixed-price purchase obligations to purchase propane or natural gas (which are used in its production operations). The contracts specify the quantity of propane or natural gas to be delivered over a specified period of time and at a specified fixed price. The Company has historically concluded that these obligations are precluded from recognition in its consolidated financial statements in accordance with the normal sales and normal purchases exclusion as provided in ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”. However, as the Company did not take physical delivery under a fixed-price propane agreement entered into during 2015, the Company accounted for this agreement under derivative accounting. As of December 31, 2015 the liability for

12


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

this agreement was marked to market and was settled in February 2016 for $460. The settlement is presented as part of the change in accrued and other expenses in operating activities on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows.

 

 

Note 8 – Credit Facilities

On March 28, 2014, the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary Fairview Cranberry Company, LLC entered into a $72,500 revolving credit and security agreement (“the Credit Agreement”) as borrowers (“the Borrowers”), with PNC Bank National Association, as administrative agent and collateral agent. The Credit Agreement provided for a $72,500 variable rate senior secured revolving credit facility (“revolving credit facility”) which was available to repay a $40,000 portion of the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock (Note 12) and the outstanding balance of a previous line of credit. In addition, the revolving credit facility was available to fund fees and expenses totaling $1,675 incurred in connection with the credit facility, and for general business purposes, including working capital requirements, capital expenditures, and permitted acquisitions. The Credit Agreement included a sublimit of up to $5,000 for the issuance of letters of credit. Substantially all of the assets of the Borrowers are pledged as collateral under the Credit Agreement. The revolving credit facility had a maturity date of March 28, 2019.

The Company also incurred certain commitment fees on committed amounts that are neither used for borrowings nor under letters of credit.

             

As of September 30, 2016, the maximum commitment was $74,000.

 

At September 30, 2016, the total amount drawn under the facility was $56,500, excluding the debt discount of $730, and the Company had $3,530 letters of credit outstanding. The total undrawn availability under the Credit Agreement was $13,927. At September 30, 2016, outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement bore interest at a weighted-average rate of approximately 4.4%. The Company capitalized $80 and $1,057 of interest expense into property, plant and equipment in the consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

On November 9, 2016, the revolving credit facility under the Credit Agreement was paid in full and terminated using a portion of the proceeds from the Company’s initial public offering (“IPO”).

 

 

Note 9 – Equipment Lease Obligations

The Company entered into various lease arrangements to lease equipment. The equipment with a cost of $2,853 has been capitalized and included in the Company’s property, plant and equipment. Depreciation expense under capital lease assets was approximately $73 for each of the three months and $219 for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Future minimum lease payments for equipment lease obligations as of September 30, 2016 are as follows:

 

Period ending September 30,

 

Amount

 

2017

 

$

768

 

2018

 

 

669

 

Total minimum lease payments

 

 

1,437

 

Amount representing interest at 4.8% - 6.3%

 

 

(81

)

Present value of payments

 

 

1,356

 

Less: current portion

 

 

(707

)

Total equipment financing obligations, net of current portion

 

$

649

 

 

 

13


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 10 – Notes Payable

The Company financed certain land, equipment, and automobile purchases by entering into various debt agreements. Interest rates on these notes ranged from 0% to 8.39%. Aggregate maturities of notes payable are as follows:

 

Period ending September 30,

 

Amount

 

2017

 

$

392

 

2018

 

 

288

 

Total

 

 

680

 

Less: current portion

 

 

(392

)

Total notes payable, net current portion

 

$

288

 

 

 

Note 11 – Asset Retirement Obligation

The Company had a post closure reclamation and site restoration obligation of $1,234 as of September 30, 2016. The following is a reconciliation of the total reclamation liability for asset retirement obligations:

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

 

$

1,180

 

Additions to liabilities

 

 

-

 

Accretion expenses

 

 

54

 

Balance at September 30, 2016

 

$

1,234

 

 

 

Note 12 – Mandatorily Redeemable Series A Preferred Stock

On September 13, 2011, the Company entered into a financing agreement with an investor (the “Series A Investor”). The agreement provided for the sale of Series A Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) to the Series A Investor in multiple tranches. As part of this agreement, the Series A Investor received 22,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock with an issuance price of $1,000 per share as well as 14,300,000 shares of common stock in exchange for gross proceeds of $22,000 in September 2011. The second tranche of 26,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock was issued in January 2012, in exchange for gross proceeds of $26,000.

The Company originally authorized 200,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Effective July 1, 2013, the Company reduced the number of shares of authorized Series A Preferred Stock to 100,000. The holders of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock were not entitled to vote, but were entitled to elect four of the seven directors to the Board. In the event of liquidation, after provision for payment of all debts and liabilities of the Company, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock, before any payment to the holders of common stock, would have been entitled to receive the original issuance price per share, for all outstanding Series A Preferred Stock  plus any unpaid accrued dividends. If upon any such liquidation event the assets of the Company available for distribution to its stockholders were insufficient to pay the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock the full amount to which they were entitled, the holders of Series A Preferred Stock would share ratably in any distribution of the assets available for distribution in proportion to the respective amounts to which  they were respectively entitled. Dividends accrued and accumulated on the Series A Preferred Stock, whether or not earned or declared, at the rate of 15% per annum and compound quarterly on April 1, July 1, October 1 and January 1. Dividends were paid in-kind with additional Series A Preferred Stock; fractional share portions of calculated dividends were paid in cash. In-kind dividends are accounted for as interest expense and were accrued as part of the long-term liability in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company issued 4,148 and 3,581 Series A Preferred Stock for dividends in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company incurred $1,813 and $1,256 of interest expense related to the Preferred Shares, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company incurred $4,936 and $3,690 of interest expense related to the Series A Preferred Stock, respectively. Of this expense, $59 and $463 was capitalized into property, plant and equipment in the consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The Series A Preferred Stock were mandatorily redeemable on September 13, 2016 only if certain defined pro forma covenants of the Credit Agreement were met; these requirements were not met as of September 30, 2016. The redemption price was the original issuance price per share of all outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock plus any unpaid accrued dividends. The Company had the option to repay the Series A Preferred Stock before September 13, 2016; if this option was exercised, the Company would have had to repay at least $1,000 per share of Series A Preferred Stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock were not convertible into

14


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

common stock or any other security issued by the Company. As a result of the Series A Preferred Stock’s mandatory redemption feature, the Company classified these securities as current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

The Company incurred $1,698 of transaction costs in connection with the issuance of the first tranche of the Series A Preferred Stock. The transaction costs and the allocation of value to the common shares (see Note 13) have been recorded as a reduction of the carrying amount of the Series A Preferred Stock. The Company incurred $1,639 of transaction costs in connection with the issuance of the second tranche of the Series A Preferred Stock. The Series A Preferred Stock liability was accreted to the face value with a corresponding charge to interest expense over the remaining term of the Series A Preferred Stock to present the face value of the Series A Preferred Stock mandatory redemption date value on September 13, 2016.

The Series A  Preferred Stock consisted of:

 

 

 

September 30, 2016

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Face value

 

$

26,469

 

 

$

26,469

 

Accumulated dividends

 

 

13,231

 

 

 

9,083

 

Net accretion of issuance & transaction cost

 

 

-

 

 

 

(844

)

Total Series A Preferred Stock

 

$

39,700

 

 

$

34,708

 

 

At September 30, 2016, the liquidation value of the Series A Preferred Stock is $39,700. On November 9, 2016, the Series A Preferred Stock was fully redeemed at a total redemption value of $40,329 using a portion of the proceeds from the IPO.

 

 

Note 13 – Common Stock

The holder of the Series A Preferred Stock was issued 14,300,000 shares of common stock for no cash consideration in 2011. As a result and in order to recognize the value of the common stock issued, $1,179 was bifurcated from the proceeds of the Series A Preferred Stock and allocated to the 14,300,000 shares of common stock received by the Series A Investor. The Company used a current value method to determine the fair value of the shares at the issuance date since the company was at such an early stage of development that no material progress had been made to the Company’s business plan. As discussed in Note 12, the amount allocated to the Series A Investor’s common shares was accreted to the face value of the Series A Preferred Stock with a corresponding charge to interest expense over the 5-year term of the Series A Preferred Stock.

Certain management stockholders pledged 5,896,000 shares of common stock as a guarantee of performance on the Series A Preferred Stock (Note 12). Upon full redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock on November 9, 2016, this pledge was released.

As disclosed in Note 2 – Basis of Presentation, on November 9, 2016, the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company became effective and, among other things:

 

provided for a 2,200 for 1 stock split;

 

increased the authorized number of shares of common stock to 350,000,000 shares;

 

authorized 10,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock that may be used from time to time by the Company’s board of directors in one or more series.

 

 

Note 14 – Warrants

Contemporaneous with the financing transaction in 2011 described in Note 12, the Company issued certain management stockholders warrants to purchase 3,999,998 shares of common stock for a purchase price of $0.0045 per share. The warrants are scheduled to expire 8 years after issuance. The warrants are exercisable upon the achievement of certain triggering events, as defined in the warrant agreements. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, management determined that certain performance criteria for the warrants would be met and therefore $70 of expense was recognized. No expense was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. On December 2, 2016, a triggering event, as defined in the warrant agreement had been achieved. The

15


SMART SAND, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Company had been recognizing expense on these warrants over the expected timeframe until a triggering event and accelerated recognition of the remaining $279 of warrant expense  through the trigger date.

 

 

Note 15 – Stock-Based Compensation

In May 2012, the Board approved the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (“2012 Plan”), which provides for the issuance of Awards (as defined in the 2012 Plan) of up to a maximum of 440,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to employees, non-employee members of the Board, and consultants of the Corporation. During 2014, the 2012 Plan was amended to provide for the issuance of Awards of up to 880,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The awards can be issued in the form of incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options or restricted stock, and have expiration dates of 5 or 10 years after issuance, depending whether the recipient already holds more than 10% of the voting power of all classes of the Company’s shares. The exercise price will be based on the fair market value of the share on the date of issuance; vesting periods will be determined by the board upon issuance of the Award.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, 160,600 shares of restricted stock were issued under the 2012 Plan. The grant date fair value of all restricted stock issuances ranged from $1.89 – $8.06 per share. The grant date fair value was calculated based on a weighted analysis of (i) publicly-traded companies in similar line of business to the Company (market comparable method)—Level 2 inputs, and (ii) discounted cash flows of the Company—Level 3 inputs. The Company recognized $229 and $196 of compensation expense for the vested restricted stock during the three months ended, and $650 and $611 during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of September 30, 2016, the Company had unrecognized compensation expense of $1,775.

The following table summarizes restricted stock activity under the 2012 Plan from January 1, 2016 through September 30, 2016:

 

 

 

Number of Units

 

 

Weighted Average

 

Unvested, December 31, 2015

 

 

289,557

 

 

$

8.02

 

Granted

 

 

160,600

 

 

 

3.85

 

Vested

 

 

(90,090

)

 

 

(8.01

)

Forfeitures

 

 

(9,900

)

 

 

(6.00

)

Unvested, September 30, 2016

 

 

350,167

 

 

$

6.87

 

 

On December 2, 2016, 77,000 shares of performance-based restricted stock vested. The Company had been recognizing compensation expense on these performance-based restricted stock over the expected timeframe until a triggering event and accelerated recognition of the remaining $231 compensation expense through the trigger date.

 

 

Note 16 – Income Taxes

The Company calculates its interim income tax provision in accordance with ASC 740. At the end of each interim period, the Company makes an estimate of the annual expected effective tax rate and applies that rate to its ordinary year to date earnings or loss. In addition, the effect of changes in enacted tax laws, rates or tax status is recognized in the interim period in which the change occurs.

The computation of the annual expected effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income (or loss) earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, more experience is acquired or additional information is obtained. The computation of the annual effective tax rate includes modifications, which were projected for the year, for share based compensation, the domestic manufacturing deduction and state research and development credits among others.

For the three mo